Bronchial asthma in adults is said to have tripled in the last 30 years. It is not uncommon for cases to develop for the first time after the age of 40.
The most popular bronchial asthma is a non-atopic type in which allergens (substances that cause allergic reactions) cannot be identified. Colds, overwork, and stress are also thought to be triggers for developing asthma. If you have had childhood asthma in the past, it is unlikely that it will recur in adulthood, and it is said to be 3-4% of all widespread bronchial asthma.
When an asthma attack occurs, the mucous membranes of the airways (air passages) become swelling and narrowing due to inflammation in response to various stimuli. Seizures usually subside in minutes to hours with treatment but can be dangerous if severe seizures last for a long time.
Atopy type: It causes an allergic reaction to substances (allergens) that cause allergies in daily life.
Non-atopic type: Asthma symptoms are caused by tobacco and other stimuli, even though no substances cause allergies. Asthma that develops in childhood tends to be a topic, and adult-onset asthma tends to be non-atopic. In asthma, symptoms such as coughing, wheezing, and dyspnea appear in a seizure, but there is a disease called coughing asthma in which the symptoms of coughing alone continue for a long time. Cough asthma is also the pre-stage of asthma.
Why it is dangerous
Well-known symptoms of asthma include severe coughing and wheezing. However, coughing is a common symptom that everyone has experienced in their daily lives, such as when they catch a cold or have a foreign body in their trachea. Here, I will tell you about the main symptoms peculiar to asthma, including coughing.
These are the two prominent symptoms of asthma.
Even a slight stimulus causes the inflamed area to react hyper-sensitively, causing severe coughing and wheezing.
1. 1. Severe cough
2. Wheezing Every time you breathe, you will hear a “see-see” and “hu-hue” sound from your throat.
On the other hand, chronic cough (cough that lasts for more than eight weeks) is caused by various illnesses other than asthma. Examples include pertussis, mycoplasma pneumonia, tuberculosis, other infectious diseases, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), interstitial pneumonia, and gastroesophageal reflux disease.
Even after the asthma attack has subsided, the airways continue to be inflamed. It is most important to treat the controller every day and adjust your lifestyle not to have the subsequent seizure as much as possible. Suppose you continue treatment according to your doctor’s instructions even when you have no attacks. In that case, the inflammation of the airways will gradually subside, and you will be less likely to have another seizure.
Causes of asthma
What is the cause of asthma (asthma) in the first place? Of course, allergies are one of the major causes, but there are many causes of asthma in daily life. The causes of asthma are roughly divided into two types: atopic type due to allergies, and the other is called non-atopic type that is not related to allergies. In particular, adult asthma is often non-atopic, and unexpected things in everyday life may cause asthma or the cause of seizures.